Effects of temperature and leaf wetness duration on infection of pear leaves by Venturia pirina
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Rimmington, Glyn M.
Villalta, O., Washington, W.S., Rimmington, G.M., and Taylor, P.A., 1999, Effects of temperature and leaf wetness duration on infection of pear leaves by Venturia pirina: Crop and Pasture Science vol. 51, no. 1, p. 97-106, doi: 10.1071/AR99068.
The effects of temperature and wetness duration on the infection of pear leaves (Pyrus communis L.) by Venturia pirina were studied by inoculating plants with ascospores and conidia under controlled conditions and in the field. Under controlled inoculations, minimum wetness durations that lead to leaf infections by ascospores were 27, 15, 13, 11, 10, 9, and 9 h at 4, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, and 25 degrees C, respectively. In parallel inoculations with conidia, the minimum wetness durations that lead to leaf infections were similar to ascospores at temperatures between 12 degrees C and 25 degrees C, but at lower temperatures (4, 8, 10 degrees C), conidia infected leaves only after an additional 2 h of leaf wetness. The relationship between minimum wetness times and temperature was best described using an exponential regression. In field experiments, leaf infection on plants inoculated with ascospores and conidia under various naturally occurring wetness and temperature conditions was in close agreement with those under controlled conditions. Disease severity (percent of leaf area infected) increased with increasing leaf wetness duration at all temperatures. The optimum temperature for infection was 20 degrees C. Analysis of variance with orthogonal polynomial contrasts was used to define the relationship of the angular transformation of disease severity to temperature and leaf wetness duration.
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