Dye sensitized solar photoelectrochemical cells

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Rillema, D. Paul
Komreddy, Venugopal R.
Jahen, Ali
Nguyen, Huy A.

Rillema, D. Paul; Komreddy, Venugopal R.; Jahen, Ali; Nguyen, Huy. 2013. Dye sensitized solar photoelectrochemical cells. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, vol. 246, Meeting Abstract: 56-CHED


The use of dye sensitized solar photoelectrochemical cells offers an alternative source of energy using visible light from the sun. A typical cell contains a photoanode, a platinum cathode and the I3-/I- electrolyte. The photoanode consists of a dye linked to a semiconductor. Excitation of the dye using visible light results in ejection of an electron from the dye into the semiconductor which migrates to the platinum cathode reducing I3- to I-. I- then migrates to the photoanode reducing the oxidized dye allowing the cycle to repeat itself. A light bulb lights when placed in the circuit indicating flow of electrons from the photoanode to the cathode occurs. Photon to electron conversion efficiencies of up to 10% has been achieved. Details regarding the necessary properties of dyes and the parameters used to characterize the cells will be presented.

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Presented at the 246th ACS National Meeting & Exposition held in Indianapolis, Indiana on September 8-12, 2013.