Disability scores in high-risk pregnant women

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Blits, Andrea
Brown, Danielle
Eshghi, Sahar
Petrisor, Janelle
Celso, Jennifer

Blits, Andrea, Brown, Danielle, Eshghi, Sahar, Petrisor, Janelle. 2018. Disability scores in high-risk pregnant women -- In Proceedings: 14th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p. 47


INTRODUCTION: Currently, minimal research exists that demonstrates how pregnancy is related to level of disability. PURPOSE: Because of the common practice to prescribe bed rest to pregnancies classified as high-risk and the known effects of prolonged bed rest, this study aims to determine if there is a significant difference in disability scores between high-risk and non-high-risk pregnancies. METHODS: Pregnant women (n= 70) with a mean age 29.9 years and 26.1 weeks gestation completed a survey pertaining to neck and back pain, the Neck Disability Index (NDI),and the Modified Oswestry (MO) during regular obstetric check-ups. RESULTS: 17.1% of participants reported as high-risk and 82.9% reported non-complicated pregnancies. Results of a Kruskal-Wallis test revealed no significant difference in MO scores between the high-risk group (n=12, mean 19.6) and non-high-risk group (n=58, mean 15.4), (F=.092, p=.761), or in NDI scores with high-risk group (n=12, mean 24.6) and non-high-risk group (n=58, mean 16.6), (F=1.168, p=.280). CONCLUSION: There appears to be some difference in the levels of disability measured by both neck and back pain for women who are classified as high-risk compared to those who were not; however, the limited sample size prevented the study from showing a statistically significant difference between the two groups. In conclusion, further research is needed to better determine if high-risk pregnancies cause increased pain and/or disability than non-high-risk pregnancies and to suggest appropriate interventions to address disability.

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Presented to the 14th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Rhatigan Student Center, Wichita State University, April 27, 2018.
Research completed in the Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions