The effect of a personalized playlist on older adults with dementia

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Authors
Wagner, Elizabeth
Lee, HeeSoon
Mason, Derek
Advisors
Issue Date
2016-02-19
Type
Article
Keywords
Dementia , Music , Memory , Playlist , Therapy
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Citation
Wagner, E., Lee, H., & Mason, D. (2016). The effect of a personal playlist on older adults with dementia. The Advanced Generalist: Social Work Research Journal, 2(1), p 14-27.
Abstract

Dementia is a disease that corrodes one's cognitive abilities such as their memory, affecting around 5 million people in the United States. While there is currently no treatment available to cure dementia, music therapy was found effective to help reduce its symptoms. Based on the Music and Memory program, this study is aimed to examine the impact of listening to a personalized music playlist on observable behavior, memory, and mood of older adults with dementia. The Music and Memory program was applied to 6 older adults with dementia at a Retirement Center in Northwest Ohio. The findings indicated that listening to a personalized playlist had a positive outcome on improving moods and decreasing disruptive behavior of participants, with more increased eye contact, smiling, face relaxation, and responsiveness. This study suggests that personalized music is an effective intervention tool; therefore, social workers should take on the roles of educators, evaluators, brokers, and advocators in applying Music and Memory program to clients with dementia.

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Description
Publisher
Wichita State University, School of Social Work
Journal
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Series
Advanced Generalist: Social Work Research Journal, v. 2(1)
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