Passive and active exercises are similarly effective in elderly nursing home residents

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Authors
Takahashi, Takeshi
Takeshima, Nobuo
Rogers, Nicole L.
Rogers, Michael E.
Islam, Mohammod M.
Advisors
Issue Date
2015-09
Type
Article
Keywords
Nursing home-dwelling older adults , Active motion exercise , Passive motion exercise
Research Projects
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Journal Issue
Citation
Takahashi, Takeshi; Takeshima, Nobuo; Rogers, Nicole L.; Rogers, Michael E.; Islam, Mohammod Monirul. 2015. Passive and active exercises are similarly effective in elderly nursing home residents. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, vol. 27:no. 9:pp 2895-2900
Abstract

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of passive motion exercise and active motion exercise on functional fitness in elderly nursing home residents. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three (female 22 and male 1) nursing home residents (84.8 +/- 4.3 yr) volunteered for this study. They were divided into a passive motion exercise group (n=12) and an active motion exercise group (n=11) and performed 30-min sessions of training twice a week for 12 weeks. Functional fitness (Arm Curl, Chair Stand, Up & Go, Sit & Reach, Back Scratch, functional Reach, and 12-min Walk tests) was evaluated before and after the intervention. [Results] No significant baseline difference was noted between the groups in measured variables. Following the 12 week intervention, no significant interaction (group x time) was noted in functional fitness variables between the groups, except for the functional reach scores (active motion exercise 40%, passive motion exercise 9%). Significant improvement over time was noted in passive motion exercise group in Arm Curl (19%), Chair Stand (15%), Up & Go (6%), and 12-min Walk (12%) scores; and in the active motion exercise group in Arm Curl (14%), Chair Stand (19%), Up & Go (11%), functional Reach (40%) and 12-min Walk (13%) scores. The adherence rates in the passive and active motion exercise groups were 95.8% and 93.1% respectively. [Conclusion] Passive motion exercise and active motion exercise were found to be similarly effective for improving the functional fitness of elderly nursing home residents.

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©2015 The Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (by-ncnd) License <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/>.
Publisher
IPEC Inc.
Journal
Book Title
Series
Journal of Physical Therapy Science;v.27:no.9
PubMed ID
DOI
ISSN
0915-5287
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