Art, literature, and the Harlem Renaissance: the messages of "God's Trombones"
Carroll, Anne. 2002. Art, literature, and the Harlem Renaissance: The messages of 'God's Trombones' (James Weldon Johnson). College Literature, v.29 no.3 pp.57-82
This essay uses "God's Trombones" as an example to draw attention to the relations among literature and other arts in the Harlem Renaissance. Analyzing the relations among Johnson's essay, his poems, the titles, and Douglas's illustrations thus leads us to a fuller appreciation of the strategies of representation used during the movement, with implications for how scholars of the Harlem Renaissance evaluate its success.