Last-mile drone delivery: Past, present, and future

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Authors
Eskandaripour, Hossein
Boldsaikhan, Enkhsaikhan
Advisors
Issue Date
2023-01-21
Type
Review
Keywords
Drone , Last-mile drone delivery , Routing , Cargo distribution optimization
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Citation
Eskandaripour H, Boldsaikhan E. Last-Mile Drone Delivery: Past, Present, and Future. Drones. 2023; 7(2):77. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones7020077
Abstract

Sustainable green products and services garner more attention from companies and enterprises that aim to succeed and grow in highly competitive markets by imposing less harms on the environment and ecosystems. Last-mile delivery from local distribution centers to customers plays an essential role in the retail business. Retail companies are leaning towards implementing green, efficient transportation methods, such as drones, in their last-mile delivery operations to conserve ecosystems. Accordingly, researchers have documented numerous research findings on last-mile drone delivery in recent years. This literature review selected a collection of articles mostly from 2011 to 2022 and reviewed them in terms of key technical challenges, such as routing, cargo distribution optimization, battery management, data communication, and environmental protection. These challenges are interrelated in a sense of achieving eco-friendly, efficient, lean, last-mile drone delivery. The selection of these technical challenges is based on the top challenges discussed in the literature.

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Description
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Click on the DOI to access the publisher's version of this article.
Publisher
MDPI
Journal
Book Title
Series
Drone
Volume 7, No. 2
PubMed ID
DOI
ISSN
2504-446X
EISSN