Training to reduce postural sway and increase functional reach in the elderly

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Authors
Rogers, Michael E.
Fernandez, Jeffrey E.
Bohlken, Ruth M.
Advisors
Issue Date
2001-12
Type
Article
Keywords
Clinical Trial , Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Citation
Journal of occupational rehabilitation. 2001 Dec; 11(4): 291-8.
Abstract

Poor balance is one of the most common risk factors for falling, a common cause of work-related injury and death. To evaluate the effects of a 10-week intervention program on balance in older adults, 12 participants aged 61-77 years (age = 70.4 +/- 5.4 years; mean +/- SD) completed an exercise program (60 min, 2 days.week-1 for 10 weeks) performed while laying/sitting on large air-filled exercise balls (Thera-Band). Several postural sway composite scores (determined while standing with feet apart and semitandem, eyes open and closed) improved (p < or = 0.05) including medial-lateral amplitude and speed of sway (reduced by approximately 9%), and instantaneous speed (reduced by approximately 13%). Reductions in XY area approached (p = 0.06) statistical significance and anterior-posterior amplitude and speed of sway did not change. Functional reach also improved (20.3%). These results suggest that challenging the physiological systems involved in balance control while on the nonstable support surface of the exercise balls improves both static and dynamic balance in older adults and may reduce the risk for falling.

Table of Contents
Description
The full text of this article is not available in SOAR. WSU users can access the article via commercial databases licensed by University Libraries: http://libcat.wichita.edu/vwebv/holdingsInfo?bibId=1329484. The link of this article is: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=3&hid=123&sid=29f6fc4f-eeab-4d69-b80e-e48b3a7b9010%40sessionmgr104&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=c8h&AN=2002056559.
Publisher
Springer New York
Journal
Book Title
Series
Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
J Occup Rehabil
PubMed ID
DOI
ISSN
1053-0487
EISSN