Strength model of adhesive bonded composite pipe joints under tension

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Griffin, Steven A.
Pang, Su-Seng
Yang, Chihdar Charles
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Griffin, S. A., Pang, S. S., & Yang, C. (1991). Strength model of adhesive bonded composite pipe joints under tension. Polymer Engineering & Science, 31(7), 533-538. doi:10.1002/pen.760310710

A theoretical model is developed to predict the strain of the pipe, coupling, and adhesive under tensile loading of an adhesive bonded joint. The model is found to be within 10 percent of the experimental pipe and coupling strain. Based on the model, several failure modes and their locations are defined and related to the measured data. In this investigation, delamination is the dominating mode of failure. The delamination stress for each test sample is within 7 percent of the average theoretical delamination stress. In addition, the effect of the coupling length, coupling Young's modulus, adhesive shear modulus, and adhesive thickness on the delamination failure are investigated. The model shows that decreasing the modulus of the coupling improves the delamination failure load; however, the coupling strain at the middle of the joint is increased by this variation. Increasing the shear modulus of the adhesive provides the most significant improvement of the joint delamination failure load. Two geometric factors, the joint length and the adhesive thickness also affect the joint failure load. The joint delamination failure load can only be significantly improved by increasing the bonding length up to a certain limit. Increasing the adhesive thickness increases the delamination failure load, however, a large gap between the pipe and coupling may contribute to misalignment during installation which may result in imposed moments under tensile loading. This study can supply the manufacturers with the appropriate design parameters to improve the joint performance significantly under tensile loading.

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Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE)
Book Title
Polymer Engineering and Science
PubMed ID
1548-2634 (online)