Infrared multiple photon dissociation spectroscopy of sodium and potassium chlorate anions

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Dain, Ryan P.
Leavitt, Christopher M.
Oomens, Jos
Steill, Jeffrey D.
Groenewold, Gary S.
Van Stipdonk, Michael J.

Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM. 2010 Jan; 24(2): 232-8.


The structures of gas-phase, metal chlorate anions with the formula M(ClO(3))(2), M = Na and K, were determined using tandem mass spectrometry and infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy. Structural assignments for both anions are based on comparisons of the experimental vibrational spectra for the two species with those predicted by density functional theory (DFT) and involve conformations that feature either bidentate or tridentate coordination of the cation by chlorate. Our results strongly suggest that a structure in which both chlorate anions are bidentate ligands is preferred for Na(ClO(3))(2). However, for K(ClO(3))(2) the best agreement between experimental and theoretical spectra is obtained from a composite of predicted spectra for which the chlorate anions are either both bidentate or both tridentate ligands. In general, we find that the overall accuracy of DFT calculations for prediction of IR spectra is dependent on both functional and basis set, with best agreement achieved using frequencies generated at the B3LYP/6-311+g(3df) level of theory.

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