Change in sexual activity after a cardiac event: the role of medications, comorbidity, and psychosocial factors

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Issue Date
2015-08
Authors
Steinke, Elaine E.
Mosack, Victoria A.
Hill, Twyla J.
Advisor
Citation

Steinke, Elaine E.; Mosack, Victoria; Hill, Twyla J. 2015. Change in sexual activity after a cardiac event: the role of medications, comorbidity, and psychosocial factors. Applied Nursing Research, vol. 28:no. 3, August 2015:pp 244–250

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine change in sexual activity before and after cardiac diagnosis in men and women by medication class.

Background: Decline in sexual activity after cardiac diagnosis frequently occurs, with adverse effects of medications believed to play a role, although literature by subclass of drugs are conflicting.

Methods: Mixed methods approach was used to evaluate cardiac patients' (N = 211) self-reported medications and changes in sexual activity before and after cardiac diagnosis via mailed survey. Chi square, logistic regression, and thematic analysis were used.

Results: First and third generation beta blockers, class 1 calcium channel blockers, vasodilators, diuretics, and loop diuretics adversely affected sexual activity. Significant predictors of change in sexual activity were number of medications, education level, and income: the overall model predicted 25.7% of the variance in sexual activity.

Conclusions: Sexual assessment and discussion of sexual concerns and side effects of medications by nurses are important to support sexual function.

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