Glycosylated equine prolactin and its carbohydrate moiety

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Butnev, Viktor Y.
Gotschall, R. Russell
Baker, Vanda L.
Moore, William T.
Gout, Peter W.
Bousfield, George R.

Journal of protein chemistry. 1996 Jul; 15(5): 413-26.


Glycosylated equine prolactin (G-ePRL) and nonglycosylated ePRL were purified to homogeneity from side fractions obtained during isolation of LH/FSH from horse pituitaries. Both PRL forms were isolated together in high yield by the isolation procedure used for glycosylated porcine PRL/(G-pPRL) and pPRL, involving acetone extraction/precipitation, NaCl and isoelectric precipitation, and gel filtration. Purification of G-ePRL required additional Con A chromatography. The N-terminal amino acid sequencing for 32 cycles of G-ePRL and ePRL resulted in sequences identical to the known primary structure of ePRL. Based on MALDI mass spectrometry analysis and SDS-PAGE mobilities, G-ePRL and ePRL had estimated molecular weights of 25,000 and 23,000 Da, respectively. G-ePRL displayed only 60% of the immunoreactivity of ePRL in homologous radioimmunoassay. Using the Nb2 lymphoma cell bioassay, ePRL was found to have about 1/30th the mitogenic activity of bovine PRL; G-ePRL was approximately 1/10th as active as ePRL. Glycosylation of G-ePRL at Asn31 was confirmed by isolation and sequence analysis of an enzymatically derived G-ePRL glycopeptide spanning residues 29-37. Monosaccharide compositions of intact G-ePRL and this glycopeptide were very similar (Man3, GlcNAc2, GalNAc1, Fuc0.6, Gal0.2, NeuAc0.15) and resembled that of G-pPRL. The glycopeptide contained one sulfate residue as determined by ion chromatography after acid hydrolysis, indicating the presence of a sulfated monosaccharide. Comparative carbohydrate analysis of G-ePRL and other G-PRL preparations suggests that the functionally significant Asn31 carbohydrate unit is a fucosylated complex mono- and /or biantennary oligosaccharide terminating with a sulfated GalNAc residue and two or three Man residues.

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