Carbonized electrospun polyacrylonitrile nanofibers as highly sensitive sensors in structural health monitoring of composite structures

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Authors
Alarifi, Ibrahim M.
Alharbi, Abdulaziz
Khan, Waseem Sabir
Asmatulu, Ramazan
Issue Date
2016-04-05
Type
Article
Language
en_US
Keywords
Composites , Conducting polymers , Electrospinning , Fibers , Mechanical properties
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Abstract

Electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers were stabilized at 280 degrees C for 1 h in an ambient condition, and then carbonized at 850 degrees C in inert argon gas for additional 1 h in order to fabricate highly pure carbonous nanofibers for the development of highly sensitive sensors in structural health monitoring (SHM) of composite aircraft and wind turbines. This study manifests the real-time strain response of the carbonized PAN nanofibers under various tensile loadings. The prepared carbon nanofibers were placed on top of the carbon fiber pre-preg composite as a single layer. Using a hand lay-up method, and then co-cured with the pre-preg composites in a vacuum oven following the curing cycle of the composite. The electric wires were connected to the top surface of the composite panels where the cohesively bonded conductive nanofibers were placed prior to the tensile and compression loadings in the grips of the tensile unit. The test results clearly showed that the carbonized electrospun PAN nanofibers on the carbon fiber composites were remarkably performed well. Even the small strain rates (e.g., 0.020% strain) on the composite panels were easily detected through voltage and resistance changes of the panels. The change in voltage can be mainly attributed to the breakage/deformation of the conductive network of the carbonized PAN nanofibers under the loadings. The primary goal of the present study is to develop a cost-effective, lightweight, and flexible strain sensor for the SHM of composite aircraft and wind turbines.

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Citation
Alarifi, I. M, Alharbi, A., Khan, W.S and Asmatulu, R. (2015), Carbonized electrospun polyacrylonitrile nanofibers as highly sensitive sensors in structural health monitoring of composite structures. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 133, 43235
Publisher
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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0021-8995
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