Rowing performance, body composition, and bone mineral density outcomes in college-level rowers after a season of concurrent training

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Issue Date
2014-11
Embargo End Date
Authors
Young, Kaelin C.
Kendall, Kristina L.
Patterson, Kaitlyn M.
Pandya, Priyanka D.
Fairman, Ciaran M.
Smith, Samuel W.
Advisor
Citation

Young, Kaelin C.; Kendall, Kristina L.; Patterson, Kaitlyn M.; Pandya, Priyanka D.; Fairman, Ciaran M.; Smith, Samuel W. 2014. Rowing performance, body composition, and bone mineral density outcomes in college-level rowers after a season of concurrent training. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, vol. 9:no. 6:pp:966-972

Abstract

Purpose: To assess changes in body composition, lumbar-spine bone mineral density (BMD), and rowing performance in collegelevel rowers over a competition season. Methods: Eleven Division I college rowers (mean +/- SD 21.4 +/- 3.7 y) completed 6 testing sessions throughout the course of their competition season. Testing included measurements of fat mass, bone-free lean mass (BFLM), body fat (%BF), lumbar-spine BMD, and 2000-m time-trial performance. After preseason testing, rowers participated in a periodized training program, with the addition of resistance training to the traditional aerobic-training program. Results: Significant (P < .05) improvements in %BF, total mass, and BFLM were observed at midseason and postseason compared with preseason. Neither lumbar-spine BMD nor BMC significantly changed over the competitive season (P > .05). Finally, rowing performance (as measured by 2000-m time and average watts achieved) significantly improved at midseason and postseason compared with preseason. Conclusion: Our results highlight the efficacy of a seasonal concurrent training program serving to improve body composition and rowing performance, as measured by 2000-m times and average watts, among college-level rowers. Our findings offer practical applications for coaches and athletes looking to design a concurrent strength and aerobic training program to improve rowing performance across a season.

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