The role of behavior observation in measurement systems for randomized prevention trials

No Thumbnail Available
Issue Date
2006-03
Embargo End Date
Authors
Snyder, James J.
Reid, John
Stoolmiller, Mike
Howe, George
Brown, Hendricks
Dagne, Getachew
Cross, Wendi
Advisor
Citation

Prevention science : the official journal of the Society for Prevention Research. 2006 Mar; 7(1): 43-56.

Abstract

The role of behavior observation in theory-driven prevention intervention trials is examined. A model is presented to guide choice of strategies for the measurement of five core elements in theoretically informed, randomized prevention trials: (1) training intervention agents, (2) delivery of key intervention conditions by intervention agents, (3) responses of clients to intervention conditions, (4) short-term risk reduction in targeted client behaviors, and (5) long-term change in client adjustment. It is argued that the social processes typically thought to mediate interventionist training (Element 1) and the efficacy of psychosocial interventions (Elements 2 and 3) may be powerfully captured by behavior observation. It is also argued that behavior observation has advantages in the measurement of short-term change (Element 4) engendered by intervention, including sensitivity to behavior change and blinding to intervention status.

Table of Content
Description
Click on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).
publication.page.dc.relation.uri
DOI