Salivary cystatin SN is a factor predicting iron bioavailability after phytic acid rich meals in female participants

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Issue Date
2020-11-12
Authors
Delimont, Nicole
Nickel, Sarah M.
Advisor
Citation

Nicole M. Delimont & Sarah Nickel (2020) Salivary cystatin SN is a factor predicting iron bioavailability after phytic acid rich meals in female participants, International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Abstract

Phytic acid is an inhibitor of iron bioavailability, but it has been suggested that individuals may adapt to phytic acid over time, and that the salivary protein, cystatin SN, may be involved. This study evaluated the relationship between human cystatin SN levels and iron bioavailability after a phytic acid rich meal. Three groups of ten women consumed meals with: (1) 500 mg phytate sprinkles, (2) 500 mg phytate capsules, or (3) no phytic acid. Iron bioavailability was measured by the mealtime percentage of maximum iron recovery; cystatin SN was measured pre-and post-meal by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pre-to-post meal cystatin SN was positively correlated with improved iron bioavailability in group 1. Pre-to-post meal cystatin SN was correlated with improved iron absorption in groups 1 and 2. Cystatin SN recovery after phytic acid rich meals may be a physiological factor predicting iron bioavailability.

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