Injectable hydrogel provides growth-permissive environment for human nucleus pulposus cells

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Authors
Priyadarshani, Priyanka
Li, Yongchao
Yang, Shang-You
Yao, Li
Advisors
Issue Date
2016-02
Type
Article
Keywords
Nucleus pulposus cells , Hydrogel , Type II collagen , Hyaluronic acid
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Citation
Priyadarshani P, Li Y, Yang SY, Yao L. 2016. Injectable hydrogel provides growth-permissive environment for human nucleus pulposus cells. J Biomed Mater Res Part A 2016:104A:419–426
Abstract

Degeneration of intervertebral discs (IVDs) results in an overall alteration of the biomechanics of the spinal column and becomes a major cause of low back pain. In this study, an injectable hydrogel composite is fabricated and characterized as a potential scaffold for the treatment of degenerated IVDs. Crosslinking of type II collagen-hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogel with 1-ethyl-3(3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) increases the gel stability against collagenase digestion and reduces water uptake in comparison with non-crosslinked gel. Cell viability assay exhibits the proliferation of human nucleus pulposus (HNP) cells in hydrogels. The cells in non-crosslinked gel and the gel crosslinked with a low concentration of EDC (0.1 mM) show superior cell viability and morphology compared with cells in gels crosslinked with higher concentration of EDC. Quantitative PCR assay demonstrates the gene expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) by cells cultured in the gels. The expression of ECM genes by HNP cells in the gels demonstrated the phenotypic change of the cells. This study suggests that the type II collagen-HA hydrogel and crosslinked hydrogel (0.1 mM EDC) are permissive matrix for the growth of HNP cells and can be potentially applied in NP repair.

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Publisher
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Journal
Book Title
Series
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A;v.104:no.2
PubMed ID
DOI
ISSN
1549-3296
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