Normative values for a functional upper extremity strength test -- -- Restricted access to full text

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McWilliams, Brandon
Andrews, Lindsey
Berg, Kelli
Cole, Katie
Hughes, Rachael
Manske, Robert C.

Brandon McWilliams, Lindsey Andrews, Kelli Berg, Katie Cole, and Rachael Hughes. (2012). Normative Values for a Functional Upper Extremity Strength Test. -- In Proceedings: 8th Annual Symposium: Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p.82-83


Standardized tests that assess functional performance for upper extremity (UE) strength and power are lacking. A functional performance test is an important tool in identifying strength, power, injury predisposition risk and readiness for return to activity following injury. The seated shot put test (SSPT) is a test of unilateral UE strength and power. The primary purpose of the present study is to determine normative test scores for the SSPT for a healthy high school aged population. A secondary purpose is to determine if any relationships exist between scores on the SSPT and arm length, body weight, sex and age. A sample of convenience testing only those within the high school population without UE pathology will be utilized. Participants with written consent from an adult were allowed to participate in the study. All the participants were instructed on how to properly throw the 2 kg ball. Participants were given four warm-up throws before official distance thrown was recorded. An average of three trials was used for score. Correlation analysis was conducted using a one-way Anova with Bonferroni adjustment (p < .05). Significant differences found that males throw farther with their dominant vs. non-dominant hand, and that as age of male subjects increases, so does distance thrown. Further studies are needed to determine a normative value.

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Paper presented to the 8th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Marcus Welcome Center, Wichita State University, April 18, 2012.
Research completed at the Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions