The effects of inhaled fluticasone propionate and budesonide on lung function and exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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Authors
Parkin, Sarah
Nyberg, Sue M.
Issue Date
2007-04-27
Type
Conference paper
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en_US
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Research Projects
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Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) continues to increase and is currently the 4th leading cause of death in the U.S. Although a proven and effective treatment for the chronic airway inflammation of asthma, the role of corticosteroids to treat underlying inflammation in COPD is controversial. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect that inhaled corticosteroids, fluticasone propionate and budesonide, have on lung function and acute exacerbations in patients with COPD. Methodology: An evidence based literature review was conducted utilizing Medline, Cochrane Library, and ProQuest databases. Results: Nine randomized, controlled trials were found which specifically addressed the objective of this paper. Review of these studies indicates that inhaled fluticasone propionate has a significant effect on decreasing exacerbations, but not on the improvement of lung function. It was also discovered that budesonide had no significant effect on reduction of exacerbations or improvement of lung function. Conclusions: The results from this literature review are inconclusive due to conflicting and insufficient data. Therefore, a recommendation for the use of fluticasone propionate or budesonide to improve lung function and decrease exacerbations of COPD cannot be made at this time.

Description
Paper presented to the 3rd Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Hughes Metropolitan Complex, Wichita State University, April 27, 2007.
Research completed at the Department of Physician Assistant, College of Health Professions.
Citation
Parkin, Sarah & Nyberg, Sue M. (2007). The effects of inhaled fluticasone propionate and budesonide on lung function and exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In Proceedings : 3rd Annual Symposium : Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS : Wichita State University, p.141-142
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Wichita State University. Graduate School.
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