Parametric exploration of wing-body junction flow using computational fluid dynamics
In this thesis, wing-body junction flow is studied parametrically using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in an attempt to understand the effects of junction flow on aircraft drag, with a focus on application to large business jet or commercial transport aircraft. A CFD methodology is validated against detailed experimental data for a junction flow. The same methodology is validated against a high Reynolds number, transonic wind tunnel test of a wing. CFD results for a wing with a leading-edge strake (an aerodynamic surface designed to reduce flow separation, thereby reducing aircraft drag) are presented and compared to experimental data, and the effects of scaling this strake are explored using CFD. The effectiveness of the strake on a swept wing is compared to the same for a straight wing. Finally, the results from this parametric study are successfully applied to sizing a leading-edge strake for a commercial transport aircraft. It is demonstrated that a systematic approach, starting with a simple validated model and building up to a realistic aircraft application, can build confidence in CFD results.