Parent perception and knowledge of HPV and HPV vaccination in rural Kansas
Carter, R. 2020. Parent perception and knowledge of HPV and HPV vaccination in rural Kansas -- In Proceedings: 16th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p.18
Background: Healthy People 2020 goal for the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is to increase the percentage of female adolescents aged 13 through 15 years who receive two or three doses of HPV vaccine to 80%. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in American, with over 79 million Americans in their late teens and early 20's being infected yearly. With 42,700 HPV-related cancers being diagnosed yearly, over 14 billion dollars is being spent annually on the treatment of HPV infections. Rural regions of the United States show a decrease of 11% HPV vaccination rate over urban areas. With Advanced Primary Registered Nurses (APRNs) providing a large portion of primary care in rural areas, APRNs have the ability to impact the vaccination rates for HPV and decrease the disparities between rural and urban regions of the United States. Methods: This quality improvement project was implemented in a targeted rural southcentral Kansas county. A questionnaire was created and utilized to evaluate perceptions and knowledge of HPV and HPV vaccine in parents of children ages 9-17 who live within the targeted county. The questionnaire consisted of eleven core questions focused on the vaccination status of the participants' children overall, their HPV vaccination status, reasons for vaccination, reasons HPV vaccination was not given, knowledge of medical conditions caused by the HPV virus, and the overall perception of the HPV vaccination. The questionnaire was posted on a social media site specific to the targeted county. There were 75 responses to the survey. Results: Using descriptive statistics, the results indicated that the overall understanding of medical problems caused by HPV, 45.1% understood HPV can cause cervical cancer. However, the results show that over half of the respondents have not vaccinated their child for HPV and the primary reason was noted to be concerns for vaccine safety. Conclusion: Primary care providers in the rural setting who focus on HPV vaccine safety education for parents may help increase HPV vaccination rates. Utilizing educational materials, like those from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), could impact the HPV vaccination rates in rural Kansas.
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Research completed in the School of Nursing, College of Health Professions