Increasing the physical activity level of older women

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Gurnsey, Jennifer
Ofei-Dodoo, Samuel
Rogers, Nicole L.

Jennifer Gurnsey & Samuel Ofei-Dodoo. (2012). Increasing the Physical Activity Level of Older Women. -- In Proceedings: 8th Annual Symposium: Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p.35


The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends older adults (OA) spend 30min/5d/wk engaging in moderate intensity physical activity (MVPA). However, OA spend considerable time engaging in low-level activity and little time in MVPA. PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of detailed feedback (FB) to increase OA time spent in MVPA compared to a verbal recommendation (VREC) and control (CON). METHODS: Sixty-eight women recruited from senior-based programs for an 8-wk, 3-intervention arm trial, were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: VREC, FB, and CON. Individuals meeting ACSM recommendations were excluded. Participants completed an ACSM recommendation knowledge questionnaire and wore an accelerometer (ACCEL) to monitor 8 weeks of daily physical activity. VREC read/received ACSM recommendations similar to mass media dialogue promoting MVPA and then asked to meet recommendations by the 8-wk point. No additional information was provided. FB walked 3 d/wk on a monitored indoor walking track, and on their own 2 d/wk. FB received all VREC procedures, received MVPA walking instruction (HR monitored) and weekly ACCEL feedback (time spent in MVPA and MVPA goals). CON continued their normal activities for 8- wks. RESULTS: Analysis includes descriptive, frequencies, and multivariate analysis of variance. CONCLUSIONS: Detailed feedback will successfully increase the amount of time older adults spend in MVPA. VREC and CON will not exhibit a significant increase in MVPA.

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Paper presented to the 8th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Marcus Welcome Center, Wichita State University, April 18, 2012.
Research completed at the Department of Public Health Sciences, College of Health Professions