Assessing the demographic effects of Aztec imperialism: ancient mitochondrial and nuclear DNA evidence from Xaltocan, Mexico

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2014-03
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Authors
Mata-Miguez, Jaime
Overholtzer, Lisa
Rodriguez-Alegria, Enrique
Kemp, Brian M.
Bolnick, Deborah A.
Advisor
Citation

Mata-Miguez, Jaime; Overholtzer, Lisa; Rodriguez-Alegria, Enrique; Kemp, Brian M.; Bolnick, Deborah A. 2014. Assessing the demographic effects of Aztec imperialism: ancient mitochondrial and nuclear DNA evidence from Xaltocan, Mexico. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Special Issue: Program of the 83rd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, vol. 153:no. S58:ppg. 64–283, March 2014

Abstract

Between AD 1428 and 1521, the Aztec empire conquered numerous polities in the Basin of Mexico. At Xaltocan, an influential Otomi town, historical and archaeological evidence provide conflicting accounts of the demographic effects of Aztec imperialism. While colonial documents state that the Aztec conquest led to a replacement of the Otomi population, archaeological finds suggest a substantial degree of population and cultural continuity.

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