Prevalence of pediatric epilepsy in low-income rural Midwestern counties

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Issue Date
2015-12
Authors
Hawley, Suzanne R.
Ablah, Elizabeth
Hesdorffer, Dale C.
Pellock, John M.
Lindeman, David P.
Paschal, Angelia M.
Thurman, David J.
Liu, Yi
Warren, Mary Beth
Schmitz, Terri
Advisor
Citation

Hawley, Suzanne R.; Ablah, Elizabeth; Hesdorffer, Dale C.; Pellock, John M.; Lindeman, David P.; Paschal, Angelia M.; Thurman, David J.; Liu, Yi; Warren, Mary Beth; Schmitz, Terri; Rogers, Austin; Romain, Theresa St.; Hauser, W. Allen. 2015. Prevalence of pediatric epilepsy in low-income rural Midwestern counties. Epilepsy & Behavior, vol. 53:pp 190–196

Abstract

Epilepsy is one of the most common disabling neurological disorders, but significant gaps exist in our knowledge about childhood epilepsy in rural populations. The present study assessed the prevalence of pediatric epilepsy in nine low-income rural counties in the Midwestern United States overall and by gender, age, etiology, seizure type, and syndrome. Multiple sources of case identification were used, including medical records, schools, community agencies, and family interviews. The prevalence of active epilepsy was 5.0/1000. Prevalence was 5.1/1000 in males and 5.0/1000 in females. Differences by age group and gender were not statistically significant. Future research should focus on methods of increasing study participation in rural communities, particularly those in which research studies are rare.

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