Domestic Violence Survivors' Housing Stability, Safety, and Well-Being Over Time: Examining the Role of Domestic Violence Housing First, Social Support, and Material Hardship

dc.contributor.authorGoodman-Williams, Rachael
dc.contributor.authorSimmons, Cortney
dc.contributor.authorChiaramonte, Danielle
dc.contributor.authorAyeni, Oyesola Oluwafunmilayo
dc.contributor.authorGuerrero, Mayra
dc.contributor.authorSprecher, Mackenzie
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, Cris M.
dc.date.accessioned2023-10-10T12:47:03Z
dc.date.available2023-10-10T12:47:03Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link to access this article (may not be free).
dc.description.abstractIntimate partner violence remains a significant public health issue and survivors often need various forms of support to achieve safety. The increased likelihood of experiencing housing instability and homelessness among survivors has led to an uptake in domestic violence agencies implementing housing-based interventions, such as Domestic Violence Housing First (DVHF), to address survivors' needs. The present study expands on prior research supporting the effectiveness of DVHF to examine situational factors that moderate the outcomes associated with this model among 406 survivors seeking services from domestic violence agencies located in the Pacific Northwestern region of the United States. Using latent profile analysis, participants were grouped into three latent classes: (a) "high abuse/instability," (b) "still affected," and (c) "doing better." Latent transition analysis was used to estimate the probability that participants would transition into a different latent class over time with social support (SS), material hardship, and receipt of DVHF services included as model predictors. Receipt of DVHF predicted improvements in survivors' safety, housing stability, mental health, and well-being, such that receiving DVHF was associated with higher odds of survivors transitioning into the "doing better" class. Social support and material hardship also emerged as significant factors predicting class membership, such that higher levels of social support and financial stability predicted membership in the "doing better" class. Additionally, social support and financial stability appeared to augment receipt of DVHF services, with DVHF being more strongly associated with positive outcomes among participants who also had high levels of social support and lower levels of material hardship.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by a subcontract from the Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence, who received funding through a contract with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation in partnership with the Department of Justice's Office for Victims of Crime (No. HHSP233201600070C), and by a Grant from the Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence, who received funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (No. OPP1117416). Danielle Chiaramonte's contribution to this project was partially supported by the National Institute of Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health (T32DA019426). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the funders.
dc.identifier.citationGoodman-Williams, R., Simmons, C., Chiaramonte, D., Ayeni, O. O., Guerrero, M., Sprecher, M., & Sullivan, C. M. (2023). Domestic violence survivors' housing stability, safety, and well-being over time: Examining the role of domestic violence housing first, social support, and material hardship.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 93(5), 402-414. https://doi.org/10.1037/ort0000686
dc.identifier.issn0002-9432
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1037/ort0000686
dc.identifier.urihttps://soar.wichita.edu/handle/10057/25953
dc.language.isoen-US
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
dc.rights.holder© Copyright 2023 Global Alliance for Behavioral Health and Social Justice
dc.subjectHousing stability
dc.subjectWell-being
dc.subjectIntervention
dc.subjectDomestic violence
dc.subjectLatent transition analysis
dc.titleDomestic Violence Survivors' Housing Stability, Safety, and Well-Being Over Time: Examining the Role of Domestic Violence Housing First, Social Support, and Material Hardship
dc.typeArticle
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