Review of automatic continuous distraction osteogenesis devices for mandibular reconstruction applications

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Hatefi, Shahrokh
Hatefi, Katayoun
LeRoux, Francis
Alizargar, Javad
Behdadipour, Zeinolabedin
Yihun, Yimesker S.
Abou-El-Hossein, Khaled A.
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Automatic continuous distractor , Distraction osteogenesis , Medical devices , Oral and maxillofacial reconstruction
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Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is an emerging method for bone tissue reconstruction. In oral and maxillofacial reconstruction applications, DO is playing an important role as a technique without the need of bone graft. In addition, in a DO treatment procedure, a superior outcome could be achieved compared to conventional reconstruction techniques. Recently, a few automatic continuous distraction osteogenesis (ACDO) devices have been designed and developed to be used in human reconstruction applications. Experiments and animal studies have validated the functionality of the developed ACDO devices. It has shown that by using such ACDO devices in a DO procedure, compared to conventional manual DO methods, superior outcomes could be obtained. However, the application of such ACDO devices is still limited. More research and investigation need to be undertaken to study all requirements of ACDO devices to be used in successful human mandibular DO treatment. It is important to determine all requirements and standards that need to be considered and applied in the design and development of ACDO devices. The purpose of this review paper is to highlight the designed and developed ACDO procedures thus far in terms of their working principles, working parameters, and technical aspects for providing a better perspective of the development progress of ACDO devices for oral and maxillofacial reconstruction applications. In this paper, design principles, device specifications, and working parameters of ACDO devices are compared and discussed. Subsequently, current limitations and gaps have been addressed, and future works for enabling an ultimate automatic DO procedure have been suggested.

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Hatefi, S., Hatefi, K., Le Roux, F. et al. Review of automatic continuous distraction osteogenesis devices for mandibular reconstruction applications. BioMed Eng OnLine 19, 17 (2020)
BioMed Central Ltd.
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