How job resources can shape perspectives that lead to better performance: A remote worker field study
Keeler, J.B., Scuderi, N.F., Brock Baskin, M.E., Jordan, P.C. and Meade, L.M. (2023), "How job resources can shape perspectives that lead to better performance: a remote worker field study", Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOEPP-04-2023-0154
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the complexity of how demands and stress are mitigated to enhance employee performance in remote working arrangements. Design/methodology/approach: A time-lagged snowball sample of 223 full-time remote working adults in the United States participated in an online survey. Data were analyzed using R 4.0.2 and structural equation modeling. Findings: Results suggest remote job resources involving organizational trust and work flexibility increase performance via serial mediation when considering information communication technology (ICT) demands and work-life interference (WLI). The findings provide insights into counterbalancing the negative aspects of specific demands and stress in remote work arrangements. Practical implications: This study provides insights for managers to understand how basic job resources may shape perspectives on demands and WLI to impact performance. Specific to remote working arrangements, establishing trust with the employees and promoting accountability with their work flexibility can play an important part in people and their performance. Originality/value: This study contributes theoretically to the literature by evidencing how components of the E-Work Life (EWL) scale can be used with greater versatility beyond the original composite measurement because of the job-demand resource (JD-R) framework and conservation of resources theory (COR). This study answers several calls by research to investigate how ICT demands and WLI play a complex role in work performance.