Inhibitors of Dengue Virus and West Nile Virus proteases based on the aminobenzamide scaffold
Aravapalli, Sridhar; Lai, Huiguo; Teramoto, Tadahisa ; Alliston, Kevin R.; Lushington, Gerald H. ; Ferguson, Eron L. ; Padmanabhan, R. & William C., Groutas. 2012. Inhibitors of Dengue Virus and West Nile Virus proteases based on the aminobenzamide scaffold. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, Available online 10 May 2012
Dengue and West Nile viruses (WNV) are mosquito-borne members of flaviviruses that cause significant morbidity and mortality. There is no approved vaccine or antiviral drugs for human use to date. In this study, a series of functionalized meta and para aminobenzamide derivatives were synthesized and subsequently screened in vitro against Dengue virus and West Nile virus proteases. Four active compounds were identified which showed comparable activity toward the two proteases and shared in common a meta or para(phenoxy)phenyl group. The inhibition constants (Ki) for the most potent compound 7n against Dengue and West Nile virus proteases were 8.77 and 5.55 μM, respectively. The kinetics data support a competitive mode of inhibition of both proteases by compound 7n. This conclusion is further supported by molecular modeling. This study reveals a new chemical scaffold which is amenable to further optimization to yield potent inhibitors of the viral proteases via the combined utilization of iterative medicinal chemistry/structure-activity relationship studies and in vitro screening.