Integrating mathematics and science to explain socioscientific issues in educational comics for elementary school students

Thumbnail Image
Issue Date
Abrori, Fadhlan Muchlas
Prodromou, Theodosia
Alagic, Mara
Livits, Reka
Kasti, Houssam
Lavicza, Zsolt
Anđić, Branko

Abrori, F.M., Prodromou, T., Alagic, M., Livits, R., Kasti, H., Lavicza, Z., & Anđić, B. Integrating mathematics and science to explain socioscientific issues in educational comics for elementary school students. Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics (2023).


Integrating socioscientific issues (SSI) into education is gaining widespread adoption in classrooms due to its positive impact on student's critical thinking, environmental awareness, holistic knowledge and/or the idea of combining science and mathematics. This paper explores the idea of using comics as appropriate media for elementary school students to engage with SSI content. Because of the difficulties in integrating SSI into classrooms, SSI-based learning is more commonly applied in high school and higher education settings, with limited implementation in earlier education. To answer this gap, we developed comics that have SSI content for elementary schools. Comics are chosen as reliable tools for visualising and simplifying complex concepts and making SSI content more accessible and engaging. This paper describes our comics on earthquake-related issues in Indonesia and the principles that guided its design. SSI inherently involves multiple perspectives, so the integration brings together science, and mathematics within the one comic. In integrating different disciplines of comic content, we utilised the rule-of-five framework, widely employed to merge five representational models (experiential, verbal, numerical, visual, and symbolic) commonly used in developing content combining two or more different academic disciplines.

Table of Content
Click on the DOI link to access this article (may not be free).
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the Accepted Manuscript in a repository by the author(s) or with their consent.