P(450)/NADPH/O(2)- and P(450)/PhIO-catalyzed N-dealkylations are mechanistically distinct

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Bhakta, Mehul N.
Hollenberg, Paul F.
Wimalasena, Kandatege

Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2005 Feb 9; 127(5): 1376-7.


A high-valent iron-oxo species analogous to the compound I of peroxidases has been thought to be the activated oxygen species in P450-catalyzed reactions. Spectroscopic characterization of the catalytically competent iron-oxo species in iodosobenzene (PhIO)-supported model reactions and parallels between these model reactions and PhIO- and NADPH/O2-supported P450 reactions have been taken as strong evidence for this proposal. To support this proposal, subtle differences observed in regio- and chemoselectivities, isotope effects, and source of oxygen, etc., between NADPH/O2- and PhIO-supported P450 reactions have been generally attributed to reasons other than the mechanistic differences between the two systems. In the present study, we have used a series of sensitive mechanistic probes, 4-chloro-N-cyclopropyl-N-alkylanilines, to compare and contrast the chemistries of the NADPH/O2- and PhIO-supported purified CYP2B1 N-dealkylation reactions. Herein we present the first experimental evidence to demonstrate that the NADPH/O2- and PhIO-supported P450 N-dealkylations are mechanistically distinct and, thus, the P450/PhIO system may not be a good mechanistic model for P450/NADPH/O2-catalyzed N-dealkylations.

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