Gaging the impact of multiple substance use on community corrections involvement

No Thumbnail Available
Authors
Clark, Charles B.
Swails, Jeffrey A.
Akao, Karen A.
Pontinen, Heidi M.
Cropsey, Karen L.
Advisors
Issue Date
2018-06
Type
Article
Keywords
Assessment , Criminal justice , Community corrections , Drug use , Drug abuse , Substance dependence
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Citation
Clark, Charles B.; Swails, Jeffrey A.; Akao, Karen A.; Pontinen, Heidi M.; Cropsey, Karen L. 2018. Gaging the impact of multiple substance use on community corrections involvement. Addictive Behaviors, vol. 81:pp 55-59
Abstract

Historically, research has demonstrated that multiple substance use, compared to single substance use, poses additional challenges for treatment throughout the continuum of care including referrals, interventions, and relapse prevention. However, it appears that this pattern cannot be easily generalized to all criminal justice settings as evidenced by mixed findings across criminal justice samples. The purpose of the current study is to investigate possible differences in legal and substance-related outcomes between multiple substance users and single substance users within a community corrections sample. Structured clinical interviews were conducted to divide 531 individuals under community corrections supervision into three groups including multiple substance users, single substance users, and non-substance users. Results indicated that while multiple substance users were arrested more frequently and had more problems with family members, there were no differences compared to their single substance using counterparts in terms of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, or types of offense. These findings contrast with previous research on samples outside of community corrections suggesting that multiple substance use requires tailored interventions with consideration to context of their use. Discussion includes limitations to generalizability and assessment of substance use as well as implications for treatment and future research.

Table of Contents
Description
Click on the DOI link to access the article (may not be free).
Publisher
Elsevier
Journal
Book Title
Series
Addictive Behaviors;v.81
PubMed ID
DOI
ISSN
0306-4603
EISSN