Models for metal-poor stars with enhanced abundances of C, N, O, Ne, Na, Mg, Si, S, Ca, and Ti, in turn, at constant helium and iron abundances

No Thumbnail Available
VandenBerg, Don A.
Bergbusch, Peter A.
Dotter, Aaron
Ferguson, Jason W.
Michaud, Georges
Richer, Jacques
Proffitt, Charles R.
Issue Date
Diffusion , Globular clusters , Photometric system , Solar composition , Radiative accelerations , Luminosity functions , Stellar Evolution Database , Globular-cluster stars
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
VandenBerg, Don A., Bergbusch, Peter A., Dotter, Aaron, Ferguson, Jason W., Michaud, Georges, Richer, Jacques, Proffitt, Charles R.. 2012. Models for Metal-Poor Stars with Enhanced Abundances of C, N, O, Ne, Na, Mg, Si, S, Ca, and Ti, in Turn, at Constant Helium and Iron Abundances. Astrophysical Journal, v.755 no.1

Recent work has shown that most globular clusters have at least two chemically distinct components, as well as cluster-to-cluster differences in the mean [O/Fe], [Mg/Fe], and [Si/Fe] ratios at similar [Fe/H] values. In order to investigate the implications of variations in the abundances of these and other metals for H-R diagrams and predicted ages, grids of evolutionary sequences have been computed for scaled solar and enhanced alpha-element metal abundances, and for mixtures in which the assumed [m/Fe] value for each of the metals C, N, O, Ne, Na, Mg, Si, S, Ca, and Ti has been increased, in turn, by 0.4 dex at constant [Fe/H]. These tracks, together with isochrones for ages from approximate to 5 to 14 Gyr, have been computed for -3.0 <= [Fe/H] <= -0.6, with helium abundances Y = 0.25, 0.29, and 0.33 at each [Fe/H] value, using upgraded versions of the Victoria stellar structure program and the Regina interpolation code, respectively. Turnoff luminosity versus age re! lations from isochrones are found to depend almost entirely on the importance of the CNO cycle, and thereby mainly on the abundance of oxygen. Since C, N, and O, as well as Ne and S, do not contribute significantly to the opacities at low temperatures and densities, variations in their abundances do not impact the predicted T-eff scale of red giants. The latter is a strong function of the abundances of only Mg and Si (and Fe, possibly to a lesser extent) because they are so abundant and because they are strong sources of opacity at low temperatures. For these reasons, Mg and Si also have important effects on the temperatures of main-sequence stars. Due to their low abundances, Na, Ca, and Ti are of little consequence for stellar models. The effects of varying the adopted solar metals mixture and the helium abundance at a fixed [Fe/H] are also briefly discussed.

Table of Contents
Click on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).
IOP Publishing
Book Title
Astrophysical Journal;v.755 no.1
PubMed ID