Shoulder muscle EMG activity in women during push up on varying surfaces

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Bair, Christina
Buckley, Brandi
Pralle, Rayanne
Schroeter, Melanie
Smith, Barbara S.
Jorgensen, Michael J.

Bair, Christina, Buckley, Brandi, Pralle, Rayanne, Schroeter, Melanie, Smith, Barbara and Michael Jorgensen(2009). Shoulder Muscle EMG Activity during Push Up on Varying Surfaces in Women. In Proceedings: 5th Annual Symposium: Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p. 14-15


The unstable surfaces of a BOSU® ball and Swiss ball typically have a greater impact on EMG muscle activity during a push up compared to a normal push up done on a flat stable surface. This study's purpose was to determine if performing a push up on a BOSU® ball and on an exercise bench influenced EMG muscle activity when compared to the activity of a push up on a stable surface in females. Eighteen females were recruited from a convenience sample of college students. The pectoralis major, rectus abdominus, and external oblique muscles showed the greatest EMG muscle activity. The posterior deltoid showed the lowest activity. Overall, the push up performed on the bench showed the greatest EMG muscle activity compared to the other types of push ups.

Table of Content
Paper presented to the 5th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Hughes Metropolitan Complex, Wichita State University, May 1, 2009.
Research completed at the Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions and the Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, College of Engineering