Overcoming barriers to investigating mother-infant interactions in the first two hours of life

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Powers, Nancy G.
Parham, Douglas F.
Goldberg, Lynette R.

Journal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association. 2011 Aug; 27(3): 286-92.


As a result of the unexpected delays experienced in a study designed to investigate mother-infant interactions and infant cry patterns in the first 2 hours following delivery, the study was assessed to identify the barriers that the investigators had encountered in its planning and conduct. These barriers can be categorized as issues with (1) institutional review board approval, (2) participant recruitment and retention, (3) requirements for study personnel, (4) instrumentation, (5) potential observer and participant bias, and (6) budgeting. Each barrier is detailed, along with suggested solutions. It is hoped that that these experiences will be of value to other researchers, particularly those working in non-research-intensive institutions, as they gather data to contribute to the understanding of mother-infant interactions in the immediate postpartum period.

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