PatchBMI-Net: Lightweight Facial Patch-based Ensemble for BMI Prediction

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Aarotale, Parshuram N.
Hill, Twyla J.
Rattani, Ajita

Aarotale, P.N., Hill, T., & Rattani, A. PatchBMI-Net: Lightweight Facial Patch-based Ensemble for BMI Prediction. (2023). Proceedings - 2023 2023 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2023, pp. 4022-4028. DOI: 10.1109/BIBM58861.2023.10385262


Due to an alarming trend related to obesity affecting 93.3 million adults in the United States alone, body mass index (BMI) and body weight have drawn significant interest in various health monitoring applications. Consequently, several studies have proposed self-diagnostic facial image-based BMI prediction methods for healthy weight monitoring. These methods have mostly used convolutional neural network (CNN) based regression baselines, such as VGG19, ResNet50, and EfficientNetB0, for BMI prediction from facial images. However, the high computational requirement of these heavy-weight CNN models limits their deployment to resource-constrained mobile devices, thus deterring weight monitoring using smartphones. This paper aims to develop a lightweight facial patch-based ensemble (PatchBMI-Net) for BMI prediction to facilitate the deployment and weight monitoring using smartphones. Extensive experiments on BMI-annotated facial image datasets suggest that our proposed PatchBMI-Net model can obtain Mean Absolute Error (MAE) in the range [3.58, 6.51] with a size of about 3.3 million parameters. On cross-comparison with heavyweight models, such as ResNet-50 and Xception, trained for BMI prediction from facial images, our proposed PatchBMI-Net obtains equivalent MAE along with the model size reduction of about 5.4x and the average inference time reduction of about 3x when deployed on Apple-14 smartphone. Thus, demonstrating performance efficiency as well as low latency for on-device deployment and weight monitoring using smartphone applications.

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