## Strain energy release rate determination of prescribed cracks in adhesively-bonded single-lap composite joints with thick bondlines

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##### Authors
Yang, Chihdar Charles
Tomblin, John S.
2008-07
Article
##### Keywords
Cracks , Adhesive stress distributions , Analytical modeling , Laminated plate theory , Linear elastic theory
##### Citation
Yang, C., Chadegani, A., & Tomblin, J. S. (2008). Strain energy release rate determination of prescribed cracks in adhesively-bonded single-lap composite joints with thick bondlines. Composites Part B: Engineering, 39(5), 863-873. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2007.10.001
##### Abstract

An analytical model for determining the strain energy release rate due to a prescribed crack in an adhesively-bonded, single-lap composite joint with thick bondlines and subjected to axial tension is presented. An existing analytical model for determining the adhesive stresses within the joint is used as the foundation for the strain energy release rate calculation. In the stress model, the governing equations of displacements within the adherends are formulated using the first-order laminated plate theory. In order to simulate the thick bondlines, the field equations of the adhesive are formulated using the linear elastic theory to allow non-uniform stress distributions through the thickness. Based on the adhesive stress distributions, the equivalent crack tip forces are obtained and the strain energy release rate due to the crack extension is determined by using the virtual crack closure technique (VCCT). The specimen geometry of ASTM D3165 standard test is followed in the derivation. The system of second-order differential equations is solved to provide the adherend and adhesive stresses using the symbolic computational tool, Maple 7. Finite element analyses using J-integral as well as VCCT are performed to verify the developed analytical model. Finite element analyses are conducted using the commercial finite element analysis software ABAQUS. The strain energy release rates determined using the analytical method correlate well with the results from the finite element analyses. It can be seen that the same prescribed crack has a higher strain energy release rate for the joints with thicker bondlines. This explains the reason that joints with thick bondlines tend to have a lower load carrying capacity.

##### Description
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Elsevier
##### Series
Composites Part B: Engineering
v. 39 no. 5
1359-8368