Sensitivity to criticism differentially mediates the relationship between interpersonal problems and state and trait depression
Natoli, A. P., Nelson, S. M., Lengu, K. J., and Huprich, S. K. (2016) Sensitivity to criticism differentially mediates the relationship between interpersonal problems and state and trait depression. Personality and Mental Health, 10: 293–304
Both state- and trait-like manifestations of depression have been associated with poor interpersonal functioning. One mechanism by which this could occur is through individuals' sensitivity to criticism. In the present study, 414 undergraduates were assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory-II (Beck et al. 1996) and Depressive Personality Disorder Inventory (Huprich et al. 1996) as representative measures of state and trait depression respectively. They also were assessed with self-report measures of sensitivity to criticism and interpersonal problems. Sensitivity to criticism significantly mediated the relationship between state and trait depression within five dimensions of interpersonal problems. However, sensitivity to criticism was more strongly related to the trait depression-interpersonal problems relationship than the state depression-interpersonal problems relationship, when controlling for state depression and trait depression respectively.