Grief, social support, spirituality, and depressive symptoms among older adults in assisted living in Kansas

No Thumbnail Available
Authors
Lee, Kyoung Hag
Jun, Jung Sim
Issue Date
2023-05-09
Type
Article
Language
en_US
Keywords
Grief , Social support , Spirituality , Depression , Older adults , Assisted living
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Alternative Title
Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the roles of grief, social support, as well as spirituality on the depressive symptoms of older adults in assisted living in Kansas. This study tested three hypotheses: a high level of grief will be related to a high level of depressive symptoms; high levels of social support (family, friends, and significant persons) will be associated with a low level of depressive symptoms; and high levels of spiritual experience and coping will be associated with a low level of depressive symptoms. Methods: This study recruited 316 older adult residents aged 65 or over from seven assisted living facilities in Kansas. This cross-sectional survey was done by face-to-face interviews using the purposive sampling method. Hierarchical multiple regression was used to test the three sets of variables in relation to depressive symptoms: socio-demographics, social support factors, and spiritual factors. Results: Participants' mean age was 82.6 years, ranging from 65 to 102; 70.9% were female. Married participants consisted of 18.7%, and over 64% were widowed. Hierarchical multivariate regression results indicated that a high level of grief was significantly related to a high level of depressive symptoms. On the other hand, high levels of social support from friends and spiritual coping were significantly associated with a low level of depressive symptoms. Discussion and Conclusion: Assisted living facilities may consider developing appropriate bereavement, social support, and spiritual intervention programs, which will alleviate the depression issues of older adult residents after the COVID-19 pandemic.

Description
Click on the DOI to access this article (may not be free).
Citation
Kyoung Hag Lee & Jung Sim Jun (2023) Grief, Social Support, Spirituality, and Depressive Symptoms Among Older Adults in Assisted Living in Kansas, Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, DOI: 10.1080/26408066.2023.2211970
Publisher
Routledge
License
Journal
Volume
Issue
PubMed ID
DOI
ISSN
2640-8066
EISSN