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dc.contributor.authorBlakeslee, Donald J.
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-23T20:32:57Z
dc.date.available2013-07-23T20:32:57Z
dc.date.issued2012-11
dc.identifier.citationBlakeslee, Donald J.. 2012. The Windom pipe: a chaine operatoire analysis. Plains Anthropological Society, v.57:no.224:pp.299-323en_US
dc.identifier.issn0032-0447
dc.identifier.otherWOS:000320149200001
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.ou.edu/cas/archsur/plainsanth/
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.facebook.com/pages/Plains-Anthropological-Society/472124482845772
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/6033
dc.descriptionClick on the link to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper defines the Windom pipe, an L-shaped smoking pipe with a tall bowl set at a slightly acute angle to a short stem. This form of pipe is found in sites of the Great Bend aspect and related phases that are the products of ancestral Wichita populations of the fifteenth through late seventeenth centuries. The method of manufacture is traced here in detail, and two new tool types used in pipe manufacture are described for the first time. At some point after the pipes had been made and used, some were dissected and portions of the bowl used to make pendants that probably marked the status of the former pipe owner The Windom pipe was apparently used in rituals of alliance within and between Great Bend communities but not for purposes of creating alliances with outsiders. Eventually, this form of pipe and its associated ritual was superceded by the calumet pipe and ritual derived from the Skiri Pawnee.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherPLAINS ANTHROPOLOGICAL SOCen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPlains Anthropological Society;v.57:no.224
dc.subjectWindom pipeen_US
dc.subjectGreat Bend aspecten_US
dc.subjectprotohistoricen_US
dc.subjectcalumeten_US
dc.subjectchaine operatoireen_US
dc.titleThe Windom pipe: a chaine operatoire analysisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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