Altered morphogenesis of the immature hamster uterus following neonatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol
Hendry, William J. III
Leavitt, Wendell W.
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Hendry, W. J. and Leavitt, W. W. (1993), Altered morphogenesis of the immature hamster uterus following neonatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol. Differentiation, 52: 221–227. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-0436.1993.tb00634.x
In previous studies, we found that a single neonatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) resulted in severe hyperplasia and a high incidence of endometrial adenocarcinoma in the uterus of adult hamsters. These observations prompted us to investigate the consequences of DES exposure on earlier stages of uterine morphogenesis. After neonates were treated within 6 h of birth (day 1) with 100 μg of DES or oil vehicle, uterine tissue morphometry plus cell labelling indices following in vivo pulse labeling with [3H]thymidine were determined on days 3–21 of life. The sequential findings were: (1) a precocious (day 3) burst of cellular proliferation throughout the uterus, (2) an early period (days 3–9) of hypertrophy and increased cell density in the luminal epithelium, (3) an extreme acceleration of uterine growth resulting in a persistent increase in total uterine mass (threefold enhancement on days 5–21), (4) precocious development of endometrial glands (day 9) that were sites of intense but transient proliferative activity, (5) a middle period (days 9–15) when the percentage of stromal cells engaged in proliferative activity was reduced, (6) a second wave (days 15–21) of enhanced proliferative activity in the luminal epithelium, and (7) later development (day 21) of reduced cell density in the uterine stroma, apparently due to increased intercellular collagen accumulation. These results support our working hypothesis that the acute uterotropic response to neonatal DES treatment initiates a change in the developing hamster uterus, and later estrogenic stimulation promotes neoplastic progression in the DES-altered adult organ, perhaps due to disruption of stromal-epithelial interactions.
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