Changes in tongue strength and endurance after a typical meal in healthy older adults in a continuing care community
Van Ravenhorst-Bell, Heidi A.
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Heidi A. Van Ravenhorst-Bell. (2012). Changes in Tongue Strength and Endurance after a Typical Meal in Healthy Older Adults in a Continuing Care Community. -- In Proceedings: 8th Annual Symposium: Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p.141-142
The ability to swallow safely is vital for nourishment of the body and brain and depends on adequate tongue function, particularly strength and endurance. Purpose: Investigate changes in tongue strength and endurance in healthy older adults (65+ years). Methods: Self-reported healthy older adults (n = 20; 15 women, 5 men) completed tongue strength and endurance measures before and after a regular lunch using the Iowa Oral Pressure Instrument (IOPI). Results: A paired samples t-test documented a statistically significant increase (p < 0.05) in tongue strength following the meal. This contrasts with published data using highly textured food and suggests that a regular, but less textured, meal may provide sufficient resistance for tongue function without generating undue fatigue and diminished strength.
Fourth Place winner of poster presentations at the 8th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Marcus Welcome Center, Wichita State University, April 18, 2012.
Research completed at the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, College of Health Professions