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dc.contributor.authorManske, Robert C.
dc.contributor.authorGrant-Nierman, Meggan
dc.contributor.authorLucas, Brennen
dc.identifier.citationManske, Robert C.; Grant-Nierman, Meggan; Lucas, Brennen. 2013. Shoulder posterior internal impingement in the overhead athlete. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, v.8 no.2 pp.194-204en_US
dc.identifier.otherPMCID: PMC3625798
dc.descriptionClick on the link to access this clinical commentary article at PubMed.en_US
dc.description.abstractPosterior internal impingement (PII) of the glenohumeral joint is a common cause of shoulder complex pain in the overhead athlete. This impingement is very different from standard outlet impingement seen in shoulder patients. Internal impingement is characterized by posterior shoulder pain when the athlete places the humerus in extreme external rotation and abduction as in the cocking phase of pitching or throwing. Impingement in this position occurs between the supraspinatus and or infraspinatus and the glenoid rim. Understanding regarding this pathology continues to evolve. Definitive understanding of precipitating factors, causes, presentation and methods of treatment have yet to be determined. A high index of suspicion should be used when attempting to make this diagnosis. This current concepts review presents the current thinking regarding pathophysiology, evaluation, and treatment of this condition.en_US
dc.publisherThe Sports Physical Therapy Section of the American Physical Therapy Associationen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational Journal of Sports Physical Therapy;v.8 no.2
dc.subjectGlenoid impingementen_US
dc.subjectInternal impingementen_US
dc.subjectPosterior impingementen_US
dc.subjectThrowing shoulderen_US
dc.titleShoulder posterior internal impingement in the overhead athleteen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2013 by the Sports Physical Therapy Section

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