Hunter-gatherer site function in the Blue Ridge mountains: An analysis of artifacts from the Pryors Camp site (44NE153)
Cross, Kathryn A.
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Cross, Kathryn A. 2011. Hunter-gatherer site function in the Blue Ridge mountains: An analysis of artifacts from the Pryors camp site (44NE153) -- Lambda Alpha Journal, v.41, p.23-37
Archaeological evidence of Middle Archaic through Early Woodland hunter-gatherer occupation in the Central Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia breaks traditional settlement models which characterize upland settlements as small and short-term (Nash 2005; Nash 2009). In fact, not only were hunter-gatherer groups occupying mountain gaps for extended periods of time, they were establishing intensively-used base camps and possibly converging with other cultural groups at this significant topographic location. The research discussed here focuses on the Pryors Camp Site (44NE153), located in the Wintergreen Resort community, Nelson County, Virginia (Figure 1). Its focus is to answer questions about the length of occupation of mountain gap sites, cultural periods of occupation, and the pivotal role of mountain sites in hunter-gatherer mobility and social patterns.