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dc.contributor.authorGerbeda-Wilson, Natalie
dc.contributor.authorPowers, Nancy G.
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-11T15:55:58Z
dc.date.available2013-01-11T15:55:58Z
dc.date.issued2012-12
dc.identifier.citationGerbeda-Wilson, Natalie; Powers, Nancy G. 2012. Cultural practices and medical beliefs in pre-revolutionary Russia compared to modern textbook advice: did Russian women breastfeed the "wrong" way? Breastfeeding Medicine, v.7 no.6 pp.514-520en_US
dc.identifier.issn1556-8253
dc.identifier.otherWOS:000312348200020
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2011.0153
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/5502
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link to access the article (may not be free.)en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground and Aims: Historical accounts of infant feeding practices can inform our understanding of current-day practices and the ways in which cultural traditions are incorporated into infant care. Pre-revolutionary Russian feeding practices have not previously been summarized, to our knowledge. The purpose of this study is to collect information about pre-revolutionary feeding practices. We may then be able to better understand the motivation for suboptimal practices and tailor feeding messages to the specific population. Methods: Materials were collected from libraries and from the Internet regarding medical, demographic, and ethnographic literature of the 19th century and early 21st century, primarily in Russian. Results: Breastfeeding was pervasive in pre-revolutionary Russia, but suboptimal patterns such as withholding colostrum and early introduction of other foods and liquids were common. Breast problems were treated with folk remedies and comfort measures, some of which are similar to modern-day treatments. Around 1906, child rearing and infant feeding recommendations were subsumed by male physicians espousing the "scientific approach." Conclusions: Many of these medical recommendations were detrimental to the previously successful breastfeeding practices that, despite barriers, had allowed Russian women to continue breastfeeding for 2 years or longer.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherMARY ANN LIEBERT INCen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBreastfeeding Medicine;v.7 no.6
dc.titleCultural practices and medical beliefs in pre-revolutionary Russia compared to modern textbook advice: did Russian women breastfeed the "wrong" way?en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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