Effects of aquatic and dry land resistance training devices on body composition and physical capacity in postmenopausal women
Colado, Juan C.
Rogers, Michael E.
Dantas, Estelio H.
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Colado J.C., Garcia-Masso X., Tella V., Benavent J., Rogers M.E., and Dantas E.H. 2012. "Effects of aquatic and dry land resistance training devices on body composition and physical capacity in postmenopausal women". Journal of Human Kinetics. 32 (1): 185-195.
To determine the effects of a supervised strength training program on body composition and physical capacity of older women using three different devices: weight machines, elastic bands, and aquatic devices that increase drag forces (ADIDF). Four groups were formed: control group, weight machine group (WMG), elastic band group (EBG) and a group that used ADIDF (ADIDFG). Body composition and physical capacity were assessed before and after the intervention period. The ADIDFG showed improvements in fat mass (FM), fat-free mass of the left arm (FFM-LA) and right arm (FFM-RA), knee push-up test (KPT), squat test (ST) and crunch test (CT) (p <0.05). Individuals in the EBG and WMG also improved their FM, fat free mass (FFM), FFM-LA, FFM-RA, KPU, ST and CT. ADIDF training improves body composition and physical capacity of postmenopausal women as does performing land-based training programs.
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