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dc.contributorWichita State University. Department of Kinesiology and Sport Studiesen_US
dc.contributor.authorRogers, Michael E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSherwood, Helen S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRogers, Nicole L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBohlken, Ruth M.en_US
dc.identifier.citationWomen & health. 2002; 36(4): 33-41.en_US
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractProviding inner-city minorities with inexpensive exercise programs may be a means of reducing frailty and maintaining independent lifestyles in this population. To determine the efficacy of such a program, 22 African-American women aged 62-94 years were recruited from a senior center in the Wichita urban community. Sixteen women (age = 74.8 +/- 8.8 yr) participated in exercise training (3 days per week for 4 weeks) and 6 women (age = 74.7 +/- 4.5 yr) served as controls. Training consisted of chair-based exercises using elastic resistance bands (upper and lower body) and dumbbells (upper body). Elastic band training improved (p < 0.05) lower body strength (30-second chair stand, time for 5 stands) by approximately 20% and the combination of bands and dumbbell training improved upper body strength (30-second dumbbell curl) by 24%. Grip strength improved by 5%. Up-&-Go performance improved by 10% although balance and mobility exercises were not a fundamental element of the training program. Upper and lower body flexibility did not change. Changes were not observed for any variable in the control group. This study suggests that exercising with equipment that costs only a few dollars per participant improves upper and lower body fitness in older African-American women who live in an urban setting.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWomen & Healthen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWomen Healthen_US
dc.subjectResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'ten_US
dc.subject.meshActivities of Daily Livingen_US
dc.subject.meshAfrican Americans/educationen_US
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and overen_US
dc.subject.meshGeriatric Assessmenten_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Education/organization & administrationen_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Services for the Aged/organization & administrationen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshPhysical Endurance/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPhysical Fitness/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshProgram Evaluationen_US
dc.subject.meshUrban Healthen_US
dc.subject.meshWeight Lifting/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshWomen's Healthen_US
dc.titleEffects of dumbbell and elastic band training on physical function in older inner-city African-American womenen_US
dc.coverage.spacialUnited Statesen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2002 The Haworth Pressen_US

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