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dc.contributorWichita State University. School of Community Affairsen_US
dc.contributor.authorPitetti, Kenneth H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorClimstein, Mikeen_US
dc.contributor.authorMays, M. J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Pamela J.en_US
dc.identifier.citationArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 1992 Sep; 73(9): 847-50.en_US
dc.descriptionThe full text of this article is not available in SOAR. Check the journal record for the paper version of the article in the library.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study compared isokinetic arm (elbow flexion and extension) and leg (knee flexion and extension) strength of individuals with Down syndrome (DS), with mental retardation without DS (NDS), and sedentary young adults with no mental retardation (NMR). Eighteen individuals with DS, NDS, and NMR (11 men and seven women in each group) performed strength tests on a Cybex 340 isokinetic dynamometer. Parameters measured were peak torque (ft/lb), peak torque percent body weight (%BW), average power (watts), and average power %BW. Subjects with mental retardation (ie, DS and NDS groups) performed the test on two separate days with best test results chosen for statistical comparisons. The NMR group performed the test once. In all isokinetic strength parameters measured for arm strength, the NMR group demonstrated significantly higher scores than subjects with DS and NDS. Subjects with DS and NDS displayed similar test results. Similarly, for all the isokinetic strength parameters measured for leg strength, NMR demonstrated significantly higher scores than subjects with DS and NDS. Subjects with NDS, however, averaged significantly higher test results than subjects with DS for leg strength. The results of this study indicate that both subject populations who were mentally retarded exhibited lower arm and leg strength than the NMR subjects. Additionally, subjects with DS demonstrated inferior leg strength when compared to their peers with NDS.en_US
dc.publisherW.B. Saundersen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitationen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesArch Phys Med Rehabilen_US
dc.subjectComparative Studyen_US
dc.subject.meshBody Heighten_US
dc.subject.meshBody Weighten_US
dc.subject.meshDown Syndrome/physiopathologyen_US
dc.subject.meshEvaluation Studies as Topicen_US
dc.subject.meshIntelligence Testsen_US
dc.subject.meshIntellectual Disability/etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshMuscle Contraction/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshDown Syndrome/complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshIntellectual Disability/physiopathologyen_US
dc.subject.meshIntellectual Disability/rehabilitationen_US
dc.titleIsokinetic arm and leg strength of adults with Down syndrome: a comparative studyen_US
dc.coverage.spacialUnited Statesen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © W.B. Saundersen_US

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