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dc.contributorWichita State University. School of Community Affairsen_US
dc.contributor.authorPitetti, Kenneth H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTan, Daphne M.en_US
dc.identifier.citationMedicine and science in sports and exercise. 1991 May; 23(5): 594-601.en_US
dc.descriptionThe full text of this article is not available in SOAR. Check the journal record for the paper version of the article in the library.en_US
dc.description.abstractPrevious exercise studies that attempted to improve the cardiovascular fitness (CVF) of mentally retarded (MR) adults were flawed with methodological shortcomings that prevented conclusive results. At issue in these training studies were fitness test validity and reliability, exactness of duration and intensity of training, and an inordinate amount of supervision. Therefore, we sought to determine whether moderately MR adults (seven males, five females; IQ = 61 +/- 3, age = 25 +/- 3 yr) could improve their CVF through a minimally supervised 16-wk training program. Each subject repeated exercise tests twice on two different modes of exercise, the treadmill (TM) and Schwinn Air-Dyne ergometer (SAE), before training to ensure validity and reliability of initial CVF levels. Intensity and frequency of exercise were closely monitored. An observer was present during the training bouts, but, following initial instructions, no additional encouragement or instructions were given. Although the training program significantly increased peak VO2 (29.2 +/- 8 to 33.5 +/- 9 and peak ventilation (73 +/- 26 to 81 +/- 231.min-1) when assessed on the TM, significant changes in these same parameters were not seen when assessed on the SAE. The importance of these results was discussed.en_US
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkinsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMedicine and Science In Sports and Exerciseen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMed Sci Sports Exercen_US
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases/prevention & controlen_US
dc.subject.meshFollow-Up Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Promotionen_US
dc.subject.meshIntellectual Disability/physiopathologyen_US
dc.subject.meshOxygen Consumptionen_US
dc.subject.meshPhysical Education and Trainingen_US
dc.subject.meshPhysical Fitnessen_US
dc.titleEffects of a minimally supervised exercise program for mentally retarded adultsen_US
dc.coverage.spacialUnited Statesen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 1991 The American College of Sports Medicineen_US

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