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dc.contributorWichita State University. Department of Physical Therapyen_US
dc.contributor.authorPitetti, Kenneth H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Pamela J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, Kathryn D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMalzahn, Don E.en_US
dc.identifier.citationMedicine and science in sports and exercise. 1994 Apr; 26(4): 463-8.en_US
dc.descriptionThe full text of this article is not available in SOAR. Check the journal record for the paper version of the article in the library.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to determine the effect lower body positive pressure (LBPP) has on the cardiovascular/exercise capacities of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) during both arm crank exercise (ACE) and wheelchair exercise performed on a treadmill (WCTM). Ten male adults (age = 31.1 +/- 10 yr) with SCI and five male nondisabled (ND) adults (31.2 +/- 10 yr) participated in this study. The ND subjects performed ACE only. For subjects with SCI, significantly higher (P < 0.025) peak VO2 (1042 +/- 212 vs 839 +/- 218 ml.min-1), peak VE (46 +/- 17 vs 35 +/- 9 l.min-1), and work rate (50 +/- 15 vs 40 +/- 13 W) were seen during ACE with LBPP. No significant differences for peak VO2, VE, or work rate were seen for the ND subjects with LBPP during ACE. In addition, significantly higher peak VO2 (960 +/- 322 vs 828 +/- 312 ml.min-1) was recorded with LBPP for the subjects with SCI during WCTM. Cardiac output (Q, l.min-1; CO2 rebreathing method) was measured at 50% peak VO2 for both ND subjects and subjects with SCI during ACE. Subjects with SCI demonstrated significantly higher SV (94 +/- 20 vs 84 +/- 20 ml) with LBPP. No differences were observed in SV at 50% peak VO2 during ACE for the ND subjects with LBPP. The results of this study suggest that for individuals with SCI, LBPP augments exercise capacity by preventing the redistribution of blood to the lower extremities.en_US
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkinsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMedicine and Science In Sports and Exerciseen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMed Sci Sports Exercen_US
dc.subjectResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'ten_US
dc.subjectResearch Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.en_US
dc.subject.meshBlood Pressure/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshCarbon Dioxide/analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshCardiac Output/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshExercise Testen_US
dc.subject.meshExercise Tolerance/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshGravity Suitsen_US
dc.subject.meshHeart Rate/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshOxygen Consumption/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshSpinal Cord Injuries/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshStroke Volume/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshTidal Volume/physiologyen_US
dc.titleThe effect of lower body positive pressure on the exercise capacity of individuals with spinal cord injuryen_US
dc.coverage.spacialUnited Statesen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © Lippincott Williams & Wilkinsen_US

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