The relationship of impending death and age category to treatment intensity in the elderly
Long, Michael J.
Marshall, B. S.
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Journal of evaluation in clinical practice. 2000 Feb; 6(1): 63-70.
The purpose of this study was to isolate and quantify the age-related treatment intensity differential in elderly clients (n = 278) with functional disability in one managed care setting. For those who died during the study, treatment intensity changes for the last year and month of life were examined. The subjects were categorized into four age groups: 75-79 years; 80-84 years; 85-89 years and 90 + years, and a treatment intensity index was calculated for each group using a ratio of actual to expected costs. Indices of overall costs and cost per day for all clients, and also indices for the year and month prior to death for the deceased clients were calculated. The results clearly show that for all clients, the oldest age group was treated less intensively than the youngest age group. For the deceased clients, the older age group was treated less intensively than the youngest age group in the last year and month of life but, for all age groups, the intensity of treatment increased during the last month of life.
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